29 Jun 2016
U.K. IT Growth will be revised downwards by more than 2% through to 2020; Overall Western European Growth is Expected to Remain Largely Unaffected
London, June 29, 2016 — The recent referendum in the U.K. and the resulting vote to leave the EU is creating a significant level of uncertainty across the globe. Based on previous high-profile and often large-impact events, clearly there is a tendency to curb or stop discretionary investments (including non-essential IT investments and projects) very quickly in these types of situation. IDC expects a "challenging transition" as a result of Brexit, with the U.K. IT spending forecast likely to revised downwards by more than 2% on a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) basis through to 2020, but with overall European IT spending remaining largely unaffected in this period.
"The often dramatic experiences in the past decade have enabled leaders across the globe to establish risk processes and act in a more measured fashion. Based on recent feedback from a number of large enterprise leadership teams, we expect a 'wait and see' approach as the political and economic lines are redrawn," said Thomas Meyer, Group Vice President Research at IDC Europe. "IT spending will likely shift, but the strategic transition towards the digital enterprise will remain, and in fact is likely to accelerate with a greater focus on cost optimization and IT value to the organization's bottom line."
"Given the uncertainty in the market, we believe the framework that we have put in place will help companies work through the next few months for their short-term business planning purposes," said Philip Carter, Chief Analyst IDC Europe. "This involves three scenarios with concrete assumptions linked to GDP growth, skills access, regulation/tariffs, exchange rates, infrastructure, market confidence and obviously IT spend. We are also assuming that 2Q and 3Q IT spend in 2016 was, and will be, adversely affected by the uncertainty directly before and shortly after the poll."
Below are the three scenarios that IDC currently foresees in terms of the potential impact of this major event on IT spending in the U.K. and Western Europe.
SCENARIO 1: "CHALLENGING TRANSITION" — 70% probability
The scenario would see a downward drop in U.K. GDP at first, but a new relationship is set up in some form of bilaterally negotiated agreement in the medium term. There is a slight drop in U.K. IT spend in 2017 and 2018, but demand recovers in 2019 and 2020, and the U.K. IT market returns to its pre-Brexit levels during 2020. Overall we would expect the IT forecast to be revised downwards by more than 2% through to 2020 on a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) basis. Western European IT spend is expected to remain fairly stable. IDC believes that this is the most likely scenario.
SCENARIO 2: "DISRUPTIVE TRANSITION" — 20% probability
This is most pessimistic scenario and assumes contagion in terms of multiple referenda and immense pressure on the EU model which creates further economic uncertainty. IT spend in this scenario would be expected to decline significantly in the short term and would struggle to rebound in the forecast period, with the strongest impact in the U.K. but also at the Western European level, with an EU that would be under greater pressure. Overall we would expect the U.K. IT forecast to be revised downwards by close to 5% through to 2020 on a CAGR basis. Brexit will have more far reaching consequences, including headquarter, workforce, and factory relocations impacting IT spending.
SCENARIO 3: "SWIFT TRANSITION" — 10% probability
This assumes strong leadership steps into the existing vacuum and an orderly Brexit process occurring that avoids short-term turmoil and drives economic growth for the U.K. in the medium term. IT spend is affected mildly in the U.K. in 2016, but rebounds quickly in 2017 and beyond. Europe IT spend unaffected.
"Looking at major initiatives currently being put on hold (such as the LSE-Deutsche Börse merger or Siemens freezing its new U.K. wind power investment), there is clearly a lot of uncertainty in the market, and in the disruptive scenario, we do see significant potential downside risks for U.K. and European IT spend if contagion in terms of copycat referenda in other parts of the EU become more realistic," said Douglas Hayward, co-lead for European Cloud research and AVP for European Services.
"As we mentioned in our previous assessment on the potential Brexit, we expect IT spend in financial services, manufacturing, and retail to be the most negatively affected by a Brexit decision, together with the public sector, which will face further cuts and austerity measures," said Andrea Siviero, senior research analyst for IDC European Industry Solutions. "Restructuring the financial single market on one side and the impact on the U.K. current account on the other could potentially lead these industry sectors to struggle as a result of Brexit."
All of this and more is covered in the IDC report entitled "The Brexit Impact on IT Spend in the U.K. and Western Europe." Please contact Mat Heath (firstname.lastname@example.org) for more details.
International Data Corporation (IDC) is the premier global provider of market intelligence, advisory services, and events for the information technology, telecommunications, and consumer technology markets. With more than 1,100 analysts worldwide, IDC offers global, regional, and local expertise on technology and industry opportunities and trends in over 110 countries. IDC's analysis and insight helps IT professionals, business executives, and the investment community to make fact-based technology decisions and to achieve their key business objectives. Founded in 1964, IDC is a subsidiary of IDG, the world's leading technology media, research, and events company. To learn more about IDC, please visit www.idc.com. Follow IDC on Twitter at @IDC.