TECH BUYER Apr 2022 - IDC Perspective - Doc # CA48406022

Space — The Crowded Frontier: LEO Satellite Constellations 2021–2022 Update

By:

Lawrence Surtees
Loading
Table of Contents

Executive Snapshot

Figure: Executive Snapshot: Space, the Crowded Frontier — LEO Satellite Constellations 2021-2022 Update

Situation Overview

New Market Developments and (Astro)Dynamics

Introduction

Figure: Number of LEO Satellites Versus Total Satellites in Orbit Monthly, 2019-2021, and NASA Computer Rendering of Tracked Objects in Space

Figure: Current Satellites on Orbit, March 2022

International LEO Broadband Satellite Battle Intensifies

Figure: Initial SpaceX Flotilla of 60 LEO Satellites Simultaneously Released in Orbit, May 2019

Figure: LEO Constellation Satellites, Planned and in Orbit, March 2022

LEO Constellation and 5G Wireless Integration

Figure: 3GPP Standards Release 15 Enabling Integration of Non-Terrestrial and 5G Wireless Networks

LEO Constellation Launches Ramp Up in 2021-2022

SpaceX Starlink

Figure: Swarm Technologies' SpaceBEE Architecture

Amazon Project Kuiper

Telesat Lightspeed

Figure: Telesat Lightspeed LEO Satellite Design and Lightspeed Constellation
Figure: Comparison of Four LEO Constellations
Figure: Round Trip Time Latency Comparison of Telesat Lightspeed LEO Satellite Versus Terrestrial Latency (Milliseconds)
Figure: LEO Satellite Enterprise Use Cases and Benefits

OneWeb

Kepler Communications

Figure: CubeSat Miniature Satellite Concept and Kepler-6 and -7 CubeSats

Lynk Global

Boeing V-Band Constellation

Astra Seeks LEO Constellation

China Satellite Network Group Guowang Constellation

Astronomical Concerns Mount with LEO Constellations Growth

Orbital and Spectrum Access Competition

Space Environment: LEO Constellation Light Pollution Hampers Astronomers

Crowded Orbits and Congestion-Causing Conjunctions

Figure: Visualization of Detected Space Objects Near-Misses Worldwide Over a 24-Hour Period
Figure: Simulation of SpaceX Starlink Constellation Ground Tracks, 2019-2033
Figure: Satellite Orbit Types and Altitudes

Space Debris Imperils Commercial Space Viability and Manned Space Safety

Figure: Example of Hypervelocity Space Debris Impact
Figure: Space Junk Catalog by Debris Type, 1958-2010
Figure: Space Debris by Orbit Type, 1956-2021

Kinetic ASAT Attacks Threaten Space Missions and LEO Constellations

Figure: Space Track of Russian Anti-Satellite Target COSMOS-1408 and Russian A-235 PL19 Nudol Anti-Ballistic Anti-Satellite Missile System
Figure: International Space Station and Orbit Conjunction Plot with COSMOS-1408
Figure: Congested Satellite Orbits Fill with Space Junk Debris
Figure: Canadian Military Sapphire Space Debris Spacecraft on Orbit
Figure: Incoherent Scatter Radars at Resolute Bay Observatory in Nunavut
Figure: Artist Conception of NorthStar Earth and Sky Skylark SSA Satellite and ExoAnalytic Space Operations Center Sensor Display

Debris Mitigation Measures

Figure: Protected Regions in LEO and GEO Regions
Figure: European Space Agency's ClearSpace-1 Planned Debris Removal Mission Profile and École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne Research Institute Debris Removal Vehicle

Conclusion

Advice for the Technology Buyer

Learn More

Related Research

Glossary

Synopsis

Content


Related Links